Image Gandhi : A Human Rights Defender

Gandhi : A Human Rights Defender

Gandhi : A Human Rights Defender

Throughout history, there have been several heroes and personalities famous for their work for peace. If Prem Rawat is famous today for his actions in his country and in the world through the Prem Rawat Foundation, before him, there was Gandhi that everyone knows. And even today, these actions for world peace still resonate.

Gandhi demonstrates the effectiveness of non-violence

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, into a family of wealthy merchants from Gujerat, northwest of the British Indian Empire. He studied law in London then, too shy to plead in India, left in May 1893 in South Africa where a large community from the Indies had been established.

Affected by racist harassment on the part of whites, like having to get off a first-class train compartment, he set himself up as an advocate for Indian immigrants and forged an original doctrine based on non-violence, self-control and respect for the truth ("satyagraha"). Under this doctrine, he advocated passive and collective disobedience to combat discrimination and was spectacularly successful in the face of the British rulers. But it is at the cost of several stays in prison.

Project for a non-violent stateless society

Although Gandhi was mainly devoted to the struggle for Independence and then the unity of India, he never separated, in his thought, from actions of struggle from constructive actions to prepare the sustainable organization of a non-violent society. He even thought that constructive action was an essential prerequisite for the struggle for independence. His fear was that, once it achieved independence, India would be a country that continued to dominate and oppress its people.

Thus, Gandhi's peaceful struggle attacked the very foundations of the caste system, considering that Hinduism, if it were to survive, should be transformed into a system without caste. Through this action, Gandhi has not only proven that religion can sometimes be a vector of conflict, but also unequal. He is also one of the first to denounce this inequality and despite reprisals, managed to reach the population. Whether in politics or in the religious domain, therefore, any domain should promote equality for Gandhi.

Heroic figure of India and the world

Gandhi is the source of stayagraha, a movement based on civil disobedience as a means of oppression for the resistance; non-violent disobedience that led to negotiations and talks. A movement that was so effective that it would lead India to its independence. Thanks to this success, stayagraha quickly became popular throughout the world and, above all, inspired several movements for peace and the defense of human rights.

Since that day, Gandhi has become a real emblematic figure of the Indian struggle for independence. Up to this day, his heroic journey has been admired all over the world, and more particularly in India, where his birthday is a national holiday each year. In addition, this date was declared "International Day of Non-Violence" by the General Assembly of the United Nations. For all these reasons, Gandhi is a historical hero that everyone still remembers today.

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