Every country in the world has achieved peace and equal rights for all by following a charismatic leader, a hero. If Prem Rawat is famous today in India, and through his speeches of peace at world summits and his humanitarian actions with the Prem Rawat Foundation, others have led the population towards the search for equality. Among them and surely one of the most famous: Martin Luther King.
Martin Luther King Jr
Born in Atlanta into a family of pastors esteemed by the local community, Martin Luther King enjoys better social status than the majority of his fellow African-Americans. Although initially unenthusiastic about this path, this brilliant young student obtained a bachelor's degree in theology in Pennsylvania, following in the footsteps of his grandfather and father.
After marrying teacher and singer Coretta Scott in June 1953, he became a pastor in a Baptist church in Montgomery, Alabama in 1954. The couple had four children.
Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give way to a white man in a Montgomery bus and was arrested by the police. The ban on blacks from studying in the same schools as whites was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1954, but in many areas segregation remains the rule. It is to refuse this state of affairs that the black personalities of Montgomery launch an appeal for the boycott of the city bus company.
On the evening of this first day of action, an organization was created and Martin Luther King was elected to head it. For almost a year, the boycott continued despite attempts to intimidate concentrated on Luther King: attack on his home, imprisonment. Finally, the Supreme Court rules against the bus company.
Martin Luther King and civil rights
Strengthened by this nationwide victory, Luther King participated with a dozen black personalities from the south of the United States in the foundation of a national organization: the conference of Christian leaders in the south. Elected President, he decided to extend his non-violent struggle for black civil rights to the whole country.
In addition, actions are multiplying in the United States: student movement in 1960, Birmingham campaign in 1963 He also meets eminent personalities such as President Eisenhower. But Luther King had also been attacked by his opponents. In the space of five years, he faces charges of tax evasion, a beating by the police, an assassination attempt and several stays behind bars.
Martin Luther King and "I have a dream"
On August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King led the march on Washington for work and freedom. In front of 250,000 people, he delivered his famous speech known as "I have a dream". He called for a country where everyone would share the same rights in justice and peace.
His speech, calling for the brotherhood between blacks and whites, became a veritable hymn to solidarity and to the hope of understanding between all communities. He will then be received by John Fitzgerald Kennedy. In 1964, he received the Nobel Peace Prize after meeting Willy Brandt and Pope Paul VI. He has become a world figure.